Recently, there have been two reports which have pointed out to the falling conditions of the workforce in India. Both reports have frightening points listed in them. Oxfam report has taken in the note the continuous decrease in wage labor in comparison to wealth being generated from dividends. On the other hand, the ILO reports points out to worsening conditions of labor and workforce. This means that emerging cities like Hyderabad which were earlier attracting a huge amount of youngsters from surrounding areas might see a decrease in this trend. People earlier migrating to the city in search of Jobs in Bangalore will now have figure out something else.
A report published by ILO recently points out that as much as 77% of the active workforce in the country will have vulnerable employment by 2019. The report doesn’t count the unemployed people in it. This has also been partially confirmed by annual labor bureau which points out that the number of jobs in the nation has seen a decrease and as compared to 480 million jobs in the year 2014 to 467 million in the year 2016.
Another report titled, ‘Labour without Liberty – Female Migrant Workers in Bangalore’s Garment Industry’ which has been published by Garment Labour Union in alliance with the Clean Clothes Campaign highlights the poor and horrendous working condition in which workers are being forced to work for high-end brands in Bangalore. The report states that out of 11 factors listed as forced labor, five have been found in Bangalore. Women are lured by fake promises of giving them good jobs in Bangalore but are then held under pressure and are given very low wages.
The central government has been pushing for reforms in labor sector and has now proposed a draft notification which aims to amend the existing Industrial Disputes Act and Model Standing Order rules as to allow fixed-term employment by Industries. This step was being favored by the corporate sector which wanted to formalize the contract labor system. A similar proposal was made to leather and apparel industry and then the Niti Ayog had pressed to extend this provision to all other sectors too. As of now, the government has asked various stakeholders for their comments on the draft notification. Once legalized, it will empower all the state governments to amend existing labor rules and incorporate ‘fixed-term employment’. This will enable the companies to transfer the risk of the business cycle on their employees.